BORN : 9 MAY 1540 IN KUMBHALGRH , RAJASTHAN
FATHER'S NAME : MAHARANA UDAI SINGH II
MOTHER'S NAME : RANI JEEVANT KANWAR
DIED : 29 JANUARY 1597 IN CHAVAND
Maharana Pratap was born on May 9th 1540 in Kumbhalgarh, Rajasthan.
His father was Maharana Udai Singh II and his mother was Rani Jeevant Kanwar.
Maharana Udai Singh II ruled the kingdom of Mewar, with his capital at Chittor.
Maharana Pratap was the eldest of twenty-five sons and hence given the title of Crown Prince.
He was destined to be the 54th ruler of Mewar, in the line of the Sisodiya Rajputs.
A brave (kshatriya) is, for this reason, honoured by all, in all situations.
There is nothing in all the three worlds, which is beyond (the reach of) bravery.
Brave (kshatriya) sustains all, and all depend upon the brave.
Raghuvanshi Rajput--A Raghav Rajput is a member of one of the major Suryavanshi Rajput clans of India who ruled a number of kingdoms and princely states. Raghav is the oldest Suryavanshi Rajput clan. They enjoy a reputation as rulers and soldiers. The Raghav population and the former Rajput states are found spread through much the subcontinent, particularly in North India and central India. The Raghav are the forefathers of many Suryavanshi Rajput clans such as the Sisodiyas, Kachwahas, and Minhass. Their kuldevta (family deity) is Lord Rama and their kuldevi (goddess) is Sita.
Nagvanshi Rajput --The Nagavanshi dynasty is one of the ancient Kshatriya dynasties of India. The Vedas do not mention Kshatriyas of either Suryavanshi, Chandravanshi, Nagavanshi, Agnivanshi or such Vanshas or lineages. The Puranas, of debatable dating, constructed such genealogies. The Puranas were supposedly written from the Gupta Period onwards See: Puranas. Bhavishyapuran mentions 12 heavenly serpents like Takshak, Vasuki, Sheshnag, Anantnag etc. and Swastik as the weapon of Takshak. Swastik is a sacred symbol for Hindus, Buddhists and Jains. On Hindu temples and homes, statues of the Buddha and Mahavir swastik symbol is quite common. Divine serpent Sheshnag is considered as the throne of lord Vishnu. While lord Shiva is always shown with a serpent around neck. All those things clearly indicate relationship between Nagavanshi dynasties and present Indian society. A copper plate inscription from the Gupta Period relates to the Nagas being elevated to Kshatriya-hood 26. The copper plates of this period relate to the Nagas being defeated by the Guptas; and subsequently being married into them. One example is that of the King Chandragupta I who married Queen Kuber Naga. The Nagas were mentioned as a non-aryan snake worshipping tribe of ancient India 27. However, puranic legends constructed the genealogy of the Nagavanshis as a sub-clan of Suryavansha.
One of the biggest state of India, Rajasthan, is rich in history, culture and heritage. The state incorporates stories of glories of valor and chivalry. It remained for the most of the part independent from various dynasties which gives it a significant place in Indian history. The Bargujars, Rajputs, Nath, Jats, Bhils, Ahirs, Gujars, Meenas hold prominence in historical scenario of Rajasthan as they are key contributers in history of Rajasthan. The warrior tribes of Rajasthan also helped in making of Rajasthan history. The Ramayana, Mahabharata also have references of Pushkar, the abode of holy Brahma Temple.
Advent of Rajputs
The ingression of Rajputs was the turning point in the history of Rajasthan. There came a void after the decline of Gupta dynasty. The fickleness in that period made the empires flourishing and declining. With the coming of Gurjara Pratiharas in the 6th - 7th century, there came some stability. They are regraded as the early Rajputs. This clan conferred "Rajputana" term. These Rajputs were classified into two groups - the Suryavanshis (Solar race) and the Indivanshis (Lunar race). Later Agnikula, 'Fire born' were added to them. The dynasties of Chauhans, Kachhwahas, Rathores and Sisodias were an offshoot of Rajput clan.
Rajasthan During Colonialism
A plethora of historical events happened in the 19th century when the East India Company came to India. The Britishers came as traders but turned into invaders. The feuding parties in Rajasthan were treated neutrally by the British. Negotiation of treaties became of prime importance at that time. The Britishers made the Rajputs a mere puppet of their hands and dragged back the Marathas. The kings were enjoying while the subjects were discontented. Later by the efforts of Mahatma Gandhi, the peasants were galvanized.
Rajasthan Got Independence
With the defeat in World War II, the Britishers could not fulfill their dream of spreading their empire. The consequence of British defeat in the World War was that it had no substantial power to expand its empire. But India was facing different kind of a problem. The Muslim majority thought that the Independent India would be Hindu dominated country and so Mohamed Ali Jinnah lead the Muslim League on behalf of all Muslims in India.
1947 brought independence for India and at that time the boundaries of Rajasthan were also defined. In the state had south and south eastern states of Rajputana but later merged Mewar and made Udaipur its capital. To ensure safety from Pakistan, Jaipur, Bikaner, Jodhpur and Jaisalmer were amalgamated into the state of Rajasthan. The kingdom of Matsya including Bharatpur, Alwar, Karauli and Dholpur were merged in Rajasthan.